‘Khan of Kalat’ Seeks Freedom for Balochistan

Mr Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud, whose ancestors ruled much of the Balochistan region, speaks in the presence of British Parliamentarian Bob Blackman (File)

Descendant of Balochistan ruling family seeks Independence from Pakistan….reports Asian Lite News. Mr Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud, Khan of Kalat, described Balochistan’s accession to Pakistan in 1948 as “annexation” at a crowded conference at British parliament

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Mr Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud, whose ancestors ruled much of the Balochistan region, speaks in the presence of British Parliamentarian Bob Blackman

Mr Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud, whose ancestors ruled much of the Balochistan region, now a part of Pakistan, declared in London he will approach India for the independence of Balochistan. Daud is in exile in the United Kingdom.

Addressing a seminar entitled “Balochistan Re-visited” at the British Houses of Parliament organised by The Democracy Forum, Daud said: “I will go to India (to pursue independence for Balochistan).”

In reference to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s speech on 15 August last supporting Balochi separatism, he added: “I welcomed Mr Modi’s statement.”

Speaking to a packed house, he resolutely stated, in course of stormy exchanges with pro-Pakistan elements in the audience, he will go to Afghanistan, Iran and other countries. He disclosed he is actively in touch with Congress in the United States to achieve his goal.

He described Balochistan’s accession to Pakistan in 1948 as “annexation”. He argued: “We lost our independence because of geo-politics.” He explained this by saying Britain wanted to deny the Soviet Union access to warm waters. “This is why they (the British) went back on the treaties (between the Kalat State and the UK).

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Mr Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud

In the centuries-old Kalat Confederacy, the Khan of Kalat was the head, Daud maintained. The British leased various parts of the Kalat State. On 4 August 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the Viceroy of India, the Khan of Kalat and the founder of the in-coming state of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, signed an agreement in Delhi recognising the independence of Kalat for negotiation purposes. Kalat, in fact, remained independent until 28 March 1948, when it merged under duress with Pakistan.

Daud virtually accused Jinnah of treachery. He explained the latter was Kalat’s lawyer from 1933 to 1947. “He (Jinnah) pleaded our case with the (British) Privy Council,” Daud mentioned.

He went on to say the British “persuaded Jinnah to change his mind”. He concluded: “He (Jinnah) had inside information, which undermined us.”

In the months following the announcement on 3rd June 1947 of India’s Partition Plan, the Kalat Government made a series of moves including meetings/talks with representatives of the Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten and the future Government of Pakistan in Delhi. These talks led to certain preparatory steps towards a formal re-affirmation of the suzerainty of the Khan of Kalat over the whole of Balochistan.

One such meeting was held on 4th of August 1947 in Delhi. It was chaired by Mountbatten and attended by his legal advisor Lord Ismay. Kalat State was presented by Khan of Kalat Ahmed Yar Khan and Prime Minister Sultan Ahmed. Mohammed Ali Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan represented Pakistan.

It resulted in the signing of a 3-point agreement. Jinnah and Liaquat Ali signed for Pakistan and Ahmed for Kalat.

The Agreement stated: 

“1. Government of Pakistan recognises the independent and sovereign status of the State of Kalat, which has treaty relations with the British Government and whose status and position is different from the other princely states of India.

  1. Legal opinion will be obtained to decide whether Pakistan can be the successor to those treaties and to the ones on leased areas.
  1. After obtaining the legal opinion, there will be further talks between the representatives of Pakistan and Kalat. In the interim period, there shall be a standstill agreementbetween Pakistan and Kalat in relation to the areas under lease to the British Government.”

On 12th August 1947, Khan of Kalat formally proclaimed the independence of Kalat State effective from 15th August 1947.

On 27th March 1948, Khan of Kalat acceded to Pakistan under duress and in gross violation of the will of the people of Kalat-Balochistan as expressed unanimously by members of both houses of the Kalat parliament.