It’s official. Social media and tech giant Facebook is pouring in Rs 43,574 crore for a 9.99 per cent stake in India’s oil-retail-telecom conglomerate Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) led Jio Platforms — the largest investment for a minority stake by a technology company anywhere in the world and the largest FDI in the Indian tech sector, according to an RIL statement on Wednesday.
“This investment by Facebook values Jio Platforms at Rs 4.62 lakh crore ($65.95 billion) pre-money enterprise value, agreed at a conversion rate of Rs 70 to a US Dollar. Facebook’s investment will translate into a 9.99% equity stake in Jio Platforms on a fully diluted basis,” RIL said.
RIL chairman and managing director and Asia’s richest man Mukesh Ambani said “the synergy between Jio and Facebook will help realise Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s eDigital India’ Mission with its two ambitious goals — ‘Ease of Living’ and ‘Ease of Doing Business’ — for every single category of Indian people without exception”.
“I want to thank Mukesh Ambani and the entire Jio team for their partnership. We’re looking forward to getting started,” Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote on his personal Facebook page. In USD terms, Facebook’s chief revenue officer values the investment at $5.7 billion.
The digital transformation of India’s neighbourhood grocers or ‘kirana’ stores occupies a central role in the early outcomes expected from the Facebook-Jio deal.
“Concurrent” with the latest development, RIL’s statement confirmed that Jio Platforms, Reliance Retail and WhatsApp are working together to turbocharge Reliance Retail’s JioMart platform connecting ‘kirana’ shops to customers, enabling home delivery over Jio’s mobile interface.
RIL hopes to leverage the power of complementary platforms across Jio and Facebook “especially” to modernise India’s small businesses.
“Our focus will be India’s 60 million micro, small and medium businesses, 120 million farmers, 30 million small merchants and millions of small and medium enterprises in the informal sector,” RIL said.
Jio Platforms, wholly-owned by Reliance Industries Limited, brings together Jio’s digital apps, ecosystems and a high speed connectivity platform under one umbrella.
For Facebook, the deal with Jio allows it to wade deeper into the Indian market where its WhatsApp messaging platform alone has 400m users. India is home to some of Facebook’s most thriving communities on WhatsApp, Facebook and Instagram.
Facebook daily active users (DAU) in India, Indonesia, and the Philippines have been key sources of growth for the company. Facebook DAUs were 1.66 billion on average for December 2019. This number excludes users on WhatsApp and Instagram.
Launched in 2016 with free voice calls and cheap data, Reliance Jio has upended Indian telecoms and risen to become the country’s leading telecom operator with 388 million subscribers at last count. Three in 5 smartphone users in India are now on the Jio network.
Speculating on the likely deal a month ago, a Financial Times report said “Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance has emerged as the only Indian company capable of competing with US tech groups in the fast-growing Indian market, expanding from mobile telecoms into everything from home broadband to ecommerce.”
RIL’s core business is oil refining and it runs the world’s biggest oil refining complex in Jamnagar. The company is also India’s largest retailer with over 10,000 stores selling everything from groceries and consumer electronics to apparel, Jio is India’s largest mobile telecom operator in barely three years since launch.
RIL posted a record quarterly profit in results released January. Retail and telecom topline rose more than 25 per cent in the December quarter.
“In the post-Corona era, I am confident of India’s economic recovery and resurgence in the shortest period of time. The partnership between WhatsApp and Jio will surely make an important contribution to this transformation,” Ambani said.
Meanwhile, Zuckerberg in a Facebook post said that India is in the middle of a major digital transformation and organizations like Jio have played a big part in getting hundreds of millions of Indian people and small businesses online.
“This is especially important right now, because small businesses are the core of every economy and they need our support. India has more than 60 million small businesses and millions of people rely on them for jobs. With communities around the world in lockdown, many of these entrepreneurs need digital tools they can rely on to find and communicate with customers and grow their businesses,” Zuckerberg said.