The Democrats wanted to call John Bolton, a former National Security Adviser who was dismissed by Trump, to testify about the military aid to Ukraine that he froze…reports Arul Louis from New York

The United States Senate displays the results of the vote on summoning witnesses to the trial of President Donald Trump in the Senate on Friday, January 31, 2020. The motion to call witnesses proposed by Democrats was defeated 51-49. (Photo: Senate video) by .
The United States Senate displays the results of the vote on summoning witnesses to the trial of President Donald Trump in the Senate on Friday, January 31, 2020. (Photo: Senate video)

In a setback to the Democrats’ impeachment strategy, the Republican-controlled Senate has voted against calling new witnesses to its trial of President Donald Trump by a razor-thin majority ending days of suspense.

The votes on Friday on the motion to call witnesses was 51 against and 49, with two Republicans joining the Democrats.

The outcome was a nail-biter with the last of four wavering Republicans, Lisa Murkowski, announcing her decision to oppose the call for witnesses only minutes before the trial resumed earlier in the day.

The Democrats wanted to call John Bolton, a former National Security Adviser who was dismissed by Trump, to testify about the military aid to Ukraine that he froze.

The decision against witnesses opened the way for the Senate to vote its verdict on the charges against Trump of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress, which is scheduled for February 5.

It will bring to an end to four months of impeachment process that included secret hearings by a House of Representatives committee in an underground chamber, open testimony by 17 witnesses and arguments.

WASHINGTON, Oct. 4, 2018 (Xinhua) -- U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton speaks at a White House press briefing in Washington D.C., the United States, Oct. 3, 2018. U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton said here on Wednesday that the United States is withdrawing from the Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention on dispute resolution. (Xinhua/Ting Shen/IANS) by .
Former U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton

The House voted last December to impeach Trump and Speaker Nancy Pelosi held on to the impeachment documents in an unsuccessful attempt to force Senate Republican Majority Leader Mitch McConnell to accept conditions for holding the trial.

Although it is a certainty that Trump will be acquitted because there won’t be the two-thirds majority in the Senate to convict him, the Democrats went ahead with the impeachment as a campaign tool for the November 3 election to discredit Trump among his supporters and the undecided voters.

Calling more witnesses would have prolonged the trial drama.

McConnell like Trump wanted a quick end to the trial in time for the President’s State of the Union Address on February 4.

But he conceded to requests by members of his own party who wanted to speak about their stand on the impeachment and said that after the Senate meets on Monday for final arguments by the prosecutors and Trump’s lawyers, senators can air their views till the verdict vote.

Democratic leader in the Senate Chuck Schumer, who called the vote against witnesses as “a tragedy on a grand scale” and a “perfidy”, would not give up easily.

He brought three amendments to the resolution setting the framework for winding up the trial with a verdict.

They were for summoning Bolton and others to testify.

Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnell

Another Democrat moved an amendment to empower Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts to rule on witnesses.

All three failed.

If Murkowski had not voted with her party, the resolution demanding witnesses would have ended in a tie, and although Roberts could have cast the tie-breaker, he had said that he would not as he was not an elected member of the Senate.

Trump’s Legislative Director Eric Ueland said that they were pleased with the outcome of the vote against summoning witnesses.

The charges of abuse of power arise from Trump asking Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate the dealing of former Vice President Joe Biden and his son, Hunter, in that country.

The Democrats say that this was inviting a foreign country to intervene in US elections and was compounded by freezing military aid to Ukraine.

The Senate had voted down Democrat demands for calling witnesses at the start of the trial last week, but it received renewed momentum from disclosures that Bolton had written in a manuscript for a yet to be published book that Trump had linked the aid freeze to the probe of Bidens.

PHILADELPHIA, July 28, 2016 (Xinhua) -- U.S. Vice President Joe Biden addresses the 2016 U.S. Democratic National Convention at Wells Fargo Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the United States on July 27, 2016. (Xinhua/Li Muzi/IANS)
Former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden (Xinhua/Li Muzi/IANS)

The news about the book was broken by The New York Times on Sunday in the middle of the trial.

Trump has denied that he had linked aid to the probe and Bolton was saying that sell his book.

Trump’s lawyers said that the aid was withheld only to ensure that the new president was committed to fighting corruption and getting other European countries to pitch in.

Adam Schiff, the leading prosecutor from the House of Representatives that impeached Trump, said that without witnesses the trial would be unfair.

Trump’s lawyer Jay Sekulow said that calling witnesses would cause a long delay in the trial.

He said that Trump’s lawyers had been shut out of the impeachment investigation and hearings in the House and the Republicans were barred by the Democrats from calling their own witnesses.

If new witnesses were called, he said Trump’s defence team could call the witnesses from the House hearings and cross examine them in the Senate.

Trump is only the third president to be impeached in the nation’s 243-year history and the other two – Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998 – were acquitted by the Senate.

Democrats, who were stung by former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s defeat by Trump in 2016, accused him of collaborating with the Russians in the elections.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 25, 2020 (Xinhua) -- U.S. House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff (2nd R) speaks at a press conference during the Senate impeachment trial on Capitol Hill in Washington D.C., the United States, on Jan. 25, 2020. U.S. President Donald Trump's legal team started Saturday to make opening arguments in defense of the president in the ongoing impeachment trial in the Senate, after House managers, a group of seven House Democrats acting as prosecutors, argued for the president's conviction and removal from office over the last three days. (Photo by Ting Shen/Xinhua/IANS) by .
U.S. House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff (2nd R) speaks at a press conference. (Photo by Ting Shen/Xinhua/IANS)

But Robert Mueller, the special counsel who inquired into the allegations, cleared the Trump campaign of collusion with Russia, which he said had interfered in the US elections.

For the Democrats disappointed by Mueller’s findings, the impeachment came handy as the last attempt to get back at Trump before the elections.

A Central Intelligence Agency officer who was posted to the National Security Council reported that he had heard from someone that Trump had made the Bidens probe request to Zelensky during the July phone call.

The whistleblower, whose identity is being kept secret, complained about it to intelligence officials.

When word of it got out, the Democrats pounced on it and started the impeachment procedure to rush it through before election process got underway.

Murkowski described the political environment succinctly.

She said: “The House chose to send articles of impeachment that are rushed and flawed.”

Murkowski said she did not believe there was a fair trial because of the extreme partisan nature of the impeachment and continuing it by calling witnesses will change anything.

“It is sad for me to admit that, as an institution, the Congress has failed,” she added.

Pompeo, Zelensky meet amid Trump impeachment trial

Visiting US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky here during the former’s trip that coincides with the impeachment trial against President Trump over an alleged pressure campaign against the Ukrainian leader.

Making no mention of the scandal in his remarks, Pompeo said on Friday: “Today I’m here with a clear message: The US sees that the Ukrainian struggle for freedom, democracy and prosperity is a valiant one. Our commitment to support it will not waver.”

Democrats in the US however, believe otherwise, media reported.

The House has already concluded that Trump tried to solicit foreign interference in the upcoming 2020 presidential elections by withholding $400 million in military aid to Ukraine and conditioning Zelensky’s visit to the White House on a request that Kiev investigate presidential hopeful Joe Biden’s son Hunter, for alleged corruption.

In Kiev, the politicians could not avoid the issue when it came to the question and answer session.

“No, there’s no condition if the nature you described for President Zelensky to come to Washington and have that visit, it’s simply not the case. We’ll find the right time, we’ll find the appropriate opportunity,” Pompeo said.

“We want to make sure that it happens at a time when there’s substantial progress, things that we can deliver between the two of.

“President Zelensky will be welcome to come to Washington when we have an opportunity to do good things for both the Ukrainian and the American people,” he added.

Zelensky, a former TV star who became President in May 2019, echoed Pompeo’s statement and said he was ready to go to Washington whenever it was possible.

He emphasized the “excellent” bilateral relations between the US and Ukraine, stressing that he did not think they would be affected by the Trump impeachment trial.

Trump has defended his actions, saying the aid – eventually released in September 2019 – was withheld due to his frustration with what he considered to be an insufficient amount of monetary assistance provided to Ukraine by other countries.

He said the transcript of the phone call with Zelensky proved his innocence.

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