Two unrepresentative entities – the Army and Islamists became de-facto rulers of Pakistan while the position of the civilian governments was reduced to that of virtual municipal bodies. Army controls democracy, economy, judiciary, media, Pakistan’s internal and external affairs and manipulates Islamists, Islamic militants and sponsors cross border terrorism against Afghanistan, India and Iran while using the talent of deniability….writes Tahir Hussain Ershad
Pakistan’s former Army Chief and President Gen Pervez Musharraf said in Dubai that if Pakistan dropped one bomb on India, India will finish it by dropping 20. The same caption was sounded by country’s former Foreign Minister Agha Shahi at a meeting in Lahore in the 1980s when Pakistan’s clandestine nuclear bomb preparations had made many anti-India zealots dream of India’s end. Agha Shahi said if Pakistan used nuclear bombs on India, India will efface it from the face of the earth with its conventional weapons.
Pakistanis are possessed by an out-and-out negative national philosophy called the two-nation theory bestowed upon them by their late leader Mohammad Ali Jinnah, American scholar Christine Fair describes this theory as “inherently communal, non-democratic and philosophically depraved”. To the Army this theory is the best gift of Jinnah. It is on the strength of this theory that the Army controls democracy, economy, judiciary, media, Pakistan’s internal and external affairs and manipulates Islamists, Islamic militants and sponsors cross border terrorism against Afghanistan, India and Iran while using the talent of deniability.
Somewhere in the 1950s the two-nation theory quietly got an alternative name, ideology of Pakistan. The Army began to claim that it is its duty to safeguard the country’s geographical as well as ideological boundaries. Thus, two unrepresentative entities – the Army and Islamists became de-facto rulers of Pakistan while the position of the civilian governments was reduced to that of virtual municipal bodies. The irony is that foreign countries, including India, sticking to the protocol, deal with these municipal bodies though they know the cross-border terrorism department is beyond them. The two – nation theory is ascribed to Jinnah, but late Pakhtun leader Khan Abdul Wali Khan, who examined documents relating to India’s independence at India Library in London in the 1970s caused a sensation when he disclosed that the British planted the two-nation theory on Jinnah through Sir Zafarullah Khan to divide India. Zaffarullah, an Ahmediya, was close to that British lobby which advocated that India be partitioned if its independence became inescapable.
After Pakistan came into being, the Army the British and Americans all exploited the new country in the initial cold war period in the name of their respective interpretations of the two-nation theory to keep away “god given” Pakistan from un-godly (secular) India which opposed the United States –led defence pacts, Pakistan’s involvement in these pacts directly threatened India’s security from this neighbor which was being armed by the US to face communist non-existent threat to it. The US could not pretend ignorance of Pakistan’s only objective in being part of the defence pacts. The US was being hypocritical when it pretended to be angry with Pakistan for using arms given to it under the defnece pacts in its aggression against India in 1965.
Confident of support from patrons, Pakistan committed aggression against Jammu and Kashmir in October 1947. The aggressor status of Pakistan was changed by the United Nations Security Council under the influence of these patrons to convert Pakistan into party to Kashmir thus making it a claimant to Kashmir and making it a test for the two-nation theory. By doing this the defence pacts nations virtually stood by this theory.
The defence pacts countries ruined the peace in this part of the world by honouring an aggressor and thereby making Kashmir as an issue between India and Pakistan. That helped cold warriors. But once the cold war ended China began strengthening its relations with Pakistan based on their mutual hatred for India. After the end of the cold war and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Pakistan allies had no use for it. Pakistanis felt their country was discarded as a used shirt.
Economic and defence elevation of Pakistan during the cold war without equal merit except its ready willingness to play mercenaries, and then dropping it like a used tissue, has made this country a psychology case a prisoner of indecision, double – speak, lies and deceits. Years of pampering during the cold war have killed this country’s initiative o choose its friends to promote its own national interests. For the past seven decades Pakistan has been taught to serve the interests of the United States and the Western countries and now China. It is serving the interest of China at a greater cost to itself than what it paid for serving the Western countries.
Within Pakistan there are forces which consider the country’s national interests poison to their own vested interests. The country’s first Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan wanted to keep the country non-aligned like India. He had sought an invitation from Moscow to visit the Soviet Union. But suddenly mysteriously he cancelled his visit and instead visited the United States. This was considered the tragic flaw in Pakistan’s foreign policy in the country’s initial years. Liaquat Ali believed his country’s national interest lay in good relations with India and a balance between the two super powers – US and the Soviet Union.
Another Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto preached that Pakistan could not become a welfare State of Jinnah’s dream without friendship with neighbours. He had to pay with his life. Liaquat Ali Khan was shot dead at a public meeting in Rawalpindi in 1951 suspectedly in an Army’s conspiracy. Bhutto was hanged by the Army in Rawalpindi in 1979. These two Prime Minister, who had the vision of honourable Pakistan in the committee nations, were bumped off by internal forces for whom the country’s national interest was poison.
India, therefore, had been their target which is projected as anti-Islam, anti-Pakistan’s ideology, Pakistan’s eternal enemy and a hegemonist who has never really accepted the existence of Pakistan. This poisonous propaganda has been going on against India for the past about seven decades. In a country with abysmally low literacy rate and widespread madrasa and government schools half-baked education such a negative propaganda works on the general public. With this propaganda the military has been able to produce an army of terrorists and so-called jehadis who work as proxy for the Army to carry out death and destruction in India with the Army driving from beck seat to deny its involvement in the terror. Kashmir is just an excuse. The real zeal is to destroy India.
Highly pampered by the US, Pakistan’s military dictator Gen Ayub Khan told then US Secretary of State in the 1950, that there could be no peace in the Indian Ocean region unless India was broken into pieces. There is an opinion in Pakistan as expressed by this country’s “intelligentsia” during the Punjab insurgency in the 1980, that India will breakup if Kashmir gets out of it. Ayub Khan attempted this in 1965 when he tried to snatch Kashmir. In the ensuing war with India, the military government popularized a slogan: “Destroy India”. The people of Pakistan’s Punjab, who frenziedly shouted this slogan, displayed it on their shirts, their vehicles or shops, were seen in 1971 crying, beating their chests and cursing Kashmir for bringing about their country’s breakup. This was the year when East Pakistan liberated itself and became Bangladesh.
A.Q.Khan, who stole nuclear secrets from Holland to father Pakistan’s atom bomb, made no bones about the use of this bomb: for the destruction of India. The common Pakistani, therefore, believe that this bomb is exclusively meant to destroy India.
Whatever Pakistani civilian governments, politicians, civil society say about benefits of India-Pakistan good relations, the establishment says that Pakistan cannot survive without enmity with India. In 1999 when then India Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee visited Lahore by bus to meet his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif to start a new chapter of relations between the two countries, Urdu Press wrote India as an enemy country was a guarantee to Pakistan’s survival. To make it clear that Pakistan did not need India’s friendship, the Army committed aggression in Kargil to nullify the results of Vajpayee – Sharif meeting. India has a problem in dealing with a neighbour possessed with death wish.